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Higgins & Co v Evans case – review by Cook Legal Ltd

This article is provided by Cook Legal Ltd, a specialist costs firm who acted on behalf of one of the parties in this matter. It relates to the Law Society standard CFA (conditional fee agreement), and provies welcome reassurance for solicitors.


The High Court has today handed down judgment in the landmark case of  Higgins and Co v Evans.

Cook Legal Ltd acted for the Solicitors Higgins and Co in the Appeal before Saini J. The case was all about what is known as the ‘death’ clause in the Law Society’s Standard CFA. Many practitioners will be familiar with the clause that says –

‘(c) Death This agreement automatically ends if you die before your claim for damages is concluded. We will be entitled to recover our basic charges up to the date of your death from your estate. If your personal representatives wish to continue your claim for damages, we may offer them a new conditional fee agreement as long as they agree to pay the success fee on our basic charges from the beginning of the agreement with you.’

In this case the deceased had instructed the Solicitors in relation to an asbestos related claim. He sadly passed away before the case as concluded. There was no new CFA. The Solicitors delivered a bill to the estate under this clause.

The case itself continued with new solicitors and is not yet concluded.

The estate contested the bill. At first instance Master McCloud ruled the clause unenforceable. She found that it was unusual and onerous. She also found that it had not been brought specifically to the attention of the deceased under what is known as the Interfoto Principle (Interfoto Picture Library Limited v Stiletto Visual Programmes Limited [1989] QB (CA).

A separate argument was presented on appeal on behalf of the estate. This was that any liability for costs was contingent on success. As the case was not concluded, the were no ‘base costs’ and therefore the bill should be assessed as nil.

The High Court overturned the Master’s decision. Saini J found –

  1. That the clause was not unusual and onerous. It is a standard clause that is found in thousands of agreements,
  2. By signing the CFA, the client had confirmed that he had read and understood the agreement. This disposed of the Interfoto argument.
  3. There nothing in the Consumer Rights Act that rendered the agreement unenforceable.
  4. The solicitors were entitled to their costs.

The decision in Higgins & Co v Evans is of great importance to all solicitors who act on a CFA basis. There has been uncertainty about the effect of the ‘death’ clause in the Law Society’s Standard Agreement.

Cook Legal Ltd are specialists in costs law and offer a nationwide service. You can find out more here. You can find a detailed copy of the judgment here.

Mediatelegal is a Civil Mediation Council Registered Mediation Provider. Our expert mediators can mediate across the UK and beyond either in person or via remote methods.

We charge one of 3 fixed fees:-

Length Format Fee per party
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Mediatelegal has several specialist cost mediators. You can see what sectors each mediator is most active in, and download their CV, here.

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We will contact the other side & propose mediation formally on your behalf. We can arrange the date, venue, and mediator for you – leaving your fee earners and support staff free to do more productive tasks. If the other party declines or ignores our efforts, we will revert to you within 14 days with formal confirmation that mediation was offered and has not been accepted. This can later be shown to the court when costs are discussed.

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Since 1990, the total value of mediated cases in England & Wales is £110 billion.

20th January 2017

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